Download Plurality and Quantification (Studies in Linguistics and by F. Hamm,Erhard W. Hinrichs PDF

By F. Hamm,Erhard W. Hinrichs

The papers during this quantity deal with primary matters within the research of Plurality and Quantification from 3 varied views: • Algebraic methods to Plurals and Quantification • Distributivity and Collectivity: Theoretical Foundations • Distributivity and Collectivity: Empirical Investigations Algebraic techniques to the semantics of normal languages have been in­ dependently brought for the learn of generalized quantification, pred­ ication, intensionality, mass phrases and plurality. the main favorite sleek suggest for an algebraic concept of plurality (and mass phrases) is unquestionably Godehard hyperlink. it truly is indicative of the Wirkungsgeschichte of Link's paintings that the majority of the contributions during this quantity take the good judgment of plurals proposed via Godehard hyperlink (Link 1983, 1987) as their origin or, no less than, as their aspect of reference. Link's personal paper during this quantity offers a concise precis of a number of the crucial examine concerns that experience engaged semanticists over the past decade. Link's paper additionally comprises an intensive bibliography that offers a very good source for students drawn to the semantics of plurals. seeing that we will be able to refer readers to Link's paper for a good survey of the subject material of this publication, we'll restrict our realization during this in­ troduction to summarizing the person contributions during this quantity. The publication is prepared into 3 major sections; inside every one part the papers are ordered alphabetically. notwithstanding, as in a lot of linguistic the­ orizing, there's an exception: for purposes mentioned above, Godehard Link's article seems as bankruptcy 1.

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Download Komposition und Kompositionalität (Reihe Germanistische by Verena Klos PDF

By Verena Klos

This ebook systematically applies the so-called precept of compositionality to great composition and investigates even if this semantic precept could be judged a adequate foundation for the knowledge of unknown phrases. The valuable query matters how a long way the that means of a major composite with nominal parts could be ‘calculated’ from the which means of its elements. utilizing numerous empirical reviews, the writer exhibits that the main of compositionality has to be reformulated.

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Download Discourse Particles: Formal Approaches to their Syntax and by Josef Bayer,Volker Struckmeier PDF

By Josef Bayer,Volker Struckmeier

Particles have for the longest time been overlooked through linguistic learn. School-type grammars missed them considering that they didn't healthy into pre-conceived notions of different types, and because they didn't appear to input into grammatical relatives regularly mentioned within the style.

Only within the final century did a few courses talk about debris – or even then basically from the point of view in their discourse and pragmatic services, i.e. their dependance on sure earlier contexts, and concluded that the functionality of debris for the grammar of sentences and their interpretation is still vague.

The present quantity offers eleven new articles that take a clean examine debris: because it seems, debris tell many elements of syntax and semantics, too – either diachronically and synchronically: debris are proven to have attention-grabbing syntactic houses with recognize to projection, locality, circulation and scope. Their interpretative contributions might be studied with the rigorous tools of formal semantics. Cross-linguistic and diachronic investigations shed new mild at the genesis and improvement of those interesting – and under-estimated – sorts of lexical components.

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Download The Semantics-Pragmatics Controversy (Language, Context and by Kristin Börjesson PDF

By Kristin Börjesson

Currently, there's a nice variety of methods to the semantics-pragmatics contrast out there. This publication is exclusive in that it deals a finished evaluate, comparability and significant review of those methods. Taking as a kick off point the infamous hassle of differentiating so-called literal from non-literal (or figurative) that means, it covers a variety of the main present issues in semantics and pragmatics, e.g., the saying/meaning contrast, minimalism vs. contextualism, unarticulated materials, indexicalism, (generalised) conversational implicatures, speech acts, degrees of that means in interpretation, the function of context in interpretation, the character of lexical which means. significantly, instead of taking a exclusively theoretical standpoint, the e-book integrates psycho- and neurolinguistic views, contemplating experimental effects in regards to the (differences in) processing of a number of the different types of which means coated. when it comes to themes lined and views taken, it really is both well matched for undergraduate in addition to postgraduate scholars of linguistics and/or philosophy of language.

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Download Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming by Scott Soames PDF

By Scott Soames

during this attention-grabbing paintings, Scott Soames bargains a brand new notion of the connection among linguistic which means and assertions made through utterances. He supplies meanings of right names and typical variety predicates and explains their use in perspective ascriptions. He additionally demonstrates the irrelevance of inflexible designation in realizing why theoretical identities containing such predicates are worthy, if true.

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Download Predicative Forms in Natural Language and in Lexical by P. Saint-Dizier PDF

By P. Saint-Dizier

This quantity is a variety of papers provided at a workshop entitled Predicative varieties in usual Language and in Lexical wisdom Bases prepared in Toulouse in August 1996. A predicate is a named relation that exists between a number of arguments. In traditional language, predicates are learned as verbs, prepositions, nouns and adjectives, to quote the main common ones. learn at the id, association, and semantic representa­ tion of predicates in man made intelligence and in language processing is a truly lively examine box. The emergence of recent paradigms in theoretical language processing, the definition of latest difficulties and the real evol­ ution of functions have, actually, motivated a lot curiosity and debate at the position and nature of predicates in naturallangage. From a huge theoret­ ical point of view, the concept of predicate is vital to analyze at the syntax­ semantics interface, the generative lexicon, the definition of ontology-based semantic representations, and the formation of verb semantic periods. From a computational point of view, the thought of predicate performs a cent­ ral position in a couple of functions together with the layout of lexical wisdom bases, the advance of computerized indexing platforms for the extraction of established semantic representations, and the construction of interlingual varieties in computer translation.

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Download Bayesian Natural Language Semantics and Pragmatics by Henk Zeevat,Hans-Christian Schmitz PDF

By Henk Zeevat,Hans-Christian Schmitz

The contributions during this quantity concentrate on the Bayesian interpretation of typical languages, that is accepted in components of man-made intelligence, cognitive technology, and computational linguistics. this is often the 1st quantity to take in subject matters in Bayesian ordinary Language Interpretation and make proposals in accordance with details conception, chance idea, and comparable fields. The methodologies provided the following expand to the objective semantic and pragmatic analyses of computational typical language interpretation. Bayesian ways to usual language semantics and pragmatics are according to equipment from sign processing and the causal Bayesian versions pioneered by means of in particular Pearl. In sign processing, the Bayesian strategy reveals the main possible interpretation by means of discovering the person who maximizes the fabricated from the past chance and the possibility of the translation. It therefore stresses the significance of a construction version for interpretation as in Grice’s contributions to pragmatics or in interpretation via abduction.

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Download Welsh in the Twenty-First Century by Delyth Morris PDF

By Delyth Morris

This ebook analyses the country of the Welsh language in the beginning of the twenty-first century, with contributions from best students within the fields of sociology and language coverage.

The goal is to replace our present realizing of Welsh as a residing language; how its use, studying, knowing instructing, evolution and promulgation are constructing within the courageous new global of the twenty-first century the place Welsh is spreading to the web, digital dictionaries and encyclopaedias.

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Download Semiotics: The Basics by Daniel Chandler PDF

By Daniel Chandler

This 3rd variation of the bestselling textbook has been totally revised, carrying on with to supply a concise creation to the major suggestions of semiotics in available and jargon-free language.? Demystifying what's a posh, hugely interdisciplinary box, key questions lined include:?? What are symptoms and codes??? What can semiotics train us approximately illustration and reality??? What instruments does it provide for analysing texts and cultural practices??? With additional examples and pictures and new finish of bankruptcy assets, this must-have source is either the appropriate introductory textual content and an important reference advisor for college students in any respect degrees of language and conversation, media and cultural studies

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Download Essays on Anaphora (Studies in Natural Language and by H. Lasnik PDF

By H. Lasnik

The articles accrued during this publication are fascinated about the therapy of anaphora inside of generative grammar, in particular, inside of Chomsky's 'Ex­ tended general concept' (EST). because the inception of this conception, and almost because the inception of generative grammar, anaphora has been a relevant subject of research. In present learn, it has, probably, develop into much more important, as a huge concentration of research in such parts as syntax, semantics, discourse research, and language acquisition. starting within the early 1970's, and carrying on with to the current, Chomsky has built a entire syntactic idea of anaphora. The articles listed here are all on the topic of phases within the improvement of that conception, and will most sensible be understood relating to that improvement. accordingly, bankruptcy 1 offers a old survey of Chomsky's EST proposals on anaphora, besides short symptoms of the way the current articles healthy into that historical past. a few of the articles the following (e.g. Chapters four, eight, and nine) proposed extensions of Chomsky's easy rules to a much wider diversity of phenomena.

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